A risk factor is something that raises your chances of getting a health problem.
You can have breast cancer with or without the factors listed below. The more you have, the greater your chances of getting it. If you have many risk factors, ask your doctor what you can to do lower your risk.
Definition of high risk for Breast Cancer:
- First degree relative with breast cancer
- Start mammogram 10 years before that relative was diagnosed with breast cancer
- Having two first degree relatives with breast cancer increases risk three-fold
- Gene mutations: ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1,CHEK2, NBN, NF1, PALB2, PTEN, STK11, TP53
- Personal history of breast cancer
- Dense Breast
- Previous diagnosis of:
- Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia
- Atypical Lobular Hyperplasia
- Lobular Carcinoma in Situ
- Starting menstruation before age 12
- Menopause after age 55
- Radiation therapy to the chest at a young age
Discuss you risk and when you should undergo a mammogram with your doctor.
Sarah Cannon Cancer Institute at North Suburban Medical Center recommends that an annual mammogram screening for women ages 40-74 should be a routine care consideration. A woman's decision to undergo screening should be made in consultation with her physician. Patients who are considered high risk should consult their physician on when to begin screening.